Evergreen Products have been formulated with
cutting edge formulas. Our team includes Dr Richard Godbee Ph.D PAS, Vice President of Product Research and
Since most horses are asked to perform various and often demanding tasks, meeting their
nutrient requirements is very important. Nutrients accomplish the life supporting function by providing fundamental
components of body structure, or by enhancing or enabling chemical processes that occur in the body, like metabolism.
Nutrients can assist with metabolic control. Correct feeding is an art and science of blending the various ingredients to
produce a balanced whole.
FORMULATED WITH (click on each name
below for more information)
Silicon ( Sodium Zeolite A)
Calcium Phosphorus and Magnesium
SILICON: AN ESSENTIAL TRACE MINERAL
Silicon is an important trace mineral that is
proving to be an essential ingredient for stronger bones, better skin and more flexible joints. Including Silicon in the horse’s
diet can boost the benefits of calcium, glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate and other linking agents. Clinical data has proven
Silicon is an essential nutrient for the structural integrity and development of connective tissue. Silicon not only strengthens
bones but supports healthy hooves and coats.
Silicon in tissue and joints
tissue is composed of cells that produce the fibrous protein matrixes of collagen and elastin, as well as the hydrated (water
retaining) network of amino –sugars called glycosaminoglycans (GAG) or mucopolysaccharides (MPS). Silicon is known
to stabilize the glycosaminoglycan network. A major function of (GAGS) is to attract and hold water in the joints. Why is
this important? Because articular cartilage in the joints has no blood supply of its own. Therefore, healthy cartilage derives all
its nutrition, as well as its cushioning effect, from the supply of water in the joints.
glucosamine, which is also needed for the biosynthesis of GAG’s, has been clinically proven to be effective in the treatment
of arthritis. Given Silicon’s chemical association with GAG’s, it seems that the combination of both glucosamine, chondroitin
sulfate and Silicon have a complementary therapeutic value in the treatment of bone and joint problems and other connective
Silicon, bone, OCD (Osteochondritis Dissecans) and
DOD (Development Orthopedic
Bone is actually a special type of connective tissue. Silicon is a major ion of osteogenic
cells, which are the bone-forming cells in young, uncalcified bone. As the bone matures, the Silicon concentration
declines and deposits of calcium and phosphorus are formed simultaneously. In other words, the more “mature” the bone
tissue, the lower the Silicon concentration in the bone. Therefore, it has been concluded that Silicon acts as a regulating
factor for the deposition of calcium and phosphorus in bone tissue.
Silicon plays a very important role in bone
calcification, especially in the growth of new bone. The cells that make bone (osteoblasts) begin constructing a connective
tissue matrix. When this is done, the osteoblasts switch their function and begin to fill in this matrix with minerals. This
process requires Silicon. In clinical studies Silicon supplementation produced an increase in bone mineral density or an
increase in bone mass. Indeed Silicon seems to be the only thing that, alone, can help maintain the normal function of
the bones’ osteoclast cells, the cells that break down bone. Michigan State University and The University of Texas has a
complete research study concerning Increasing Plasma Silicon Concentrations and Altering Bone Collagen Metabolism in
Silicon’s regulatory action in bone calcification and its vital role as a structural component of
connective tissue are the reasons for Silicon’s classification as an essential trace element in animal
Silicon plays an ongoing role in maintaining bones after their formation in a process called
remodeling. Bone is a dynamic, living tissue that balances bone formation by osteoblast cells and the ongoing
reabsorption of bone tissue by osteoclast cells. (Bone minerals are dissolved and organic bone matrix components such as
collagen are digested by the action of osteclast cell).
OCD occurs when there is a low rate of bone formation
and a high rate of bone reabsorption, thus leading to a decline in bone mineral density and decreased mechanical strength of
bone. Clinical studies indicate Silicon supplementation, reduces the number of osteoclast cells, thus partially preventing
bone reabsorption and bone loss. On the other hand, in-vitro studies have shown that silicon compounds stimulate the DNA
synthesis in osteoblast-like cells.
Based on current clinical data, silicon is being considered a critical
nutrient to better manage the effects and healing of OCD and DOD.
Sodium Zeolite A The only
Bioavailable Form of Silicon
Sodium Zeolite A is the only bioavailable form of Silicon as a
monosilicate acid. This is the only Silicon that has been clinically proven to be bioavailable for horses. Absorption is
Key: for absorption to occur it must be with Sodium Zeolite A (which is the only clinically proven source of Silicon bioavailable
as a monosilicic acid.) b> This form of Silicon is absorbed directly through the stomach wall and the gastronial tract into the
CALCIUM PHOSPHORUS AND
Calcium is essential in the formation and
hardening of bone. Calcium and Phosphorus are the two minerals that comprise 70 percent of the horse’s mineral
requirements. These macro minerals are all involved in producing structural tissues. Because 80 percent of the calcium in the
body is stored in the skeleton, calcium deficiency appears primarily as bone and joint problems. The mineral content of milk
is highest during the first week of lactation and then declines steadily. If the mare’s calcium intake is not adequate during
gestation and lactation, it will result in skeletal mineral loss in the foal. Foals born of calcium deficient mares have smaller
cannon bone diameters at birth. The ratio of Calcium to Phosphorus is 1:1. Deficiency or imbalance of these may result in
bone abnormalities, slow growth, contracted tendons and/or
Phosphorus is an essential component of nearly all enzyme
systems and found in every cell in the body. Phosphorus is integral to the bones in the skeleton, which acts as the main body
store. It must be in correct balance with calcium, the 1:1 calcium/phosphorus ratio. A long term phosphorus deficiency can
lead to bone and skeletal problems.
Magnesium is in the same family of
minerals as calcium. It is essential for the optimal function of over 300 key enzymes involved in energy transformation,
protein synthesis and nucleic acid metabolism. Magnesium deficiencies have a profound effect on neuromuscular function
and cardiac tissue. Magnesium is also involved in the formation of hydroxyapatite , one of the principal components of bone
and a major “hardener” of bone.
All in all Nutrition is essential in maximizing bone density. Skeletal growth is
rapid during the first 12 months. Skeletal growth occurs faster than weight gain. At 6 months of age bone mineralization is
68% complete. Dietary mineral supplementation along with careful management and training programs will result in improved
bone density and in turn, improved skeletal durability. Young horses will stay in training longer without the problems that bone
injuries can cause. Mineral deficiencies can also cause abnormal patterns in the proper growth of
THE NUTRIENTS FOR ESSENTIAL JOINT HEALTH
There are many
nutrients used for improving joint health, at the Top of the list is Glucosamine (HCI) Chondroitin Sulfate, Yucca and Ester C.
These all help to support joint health. Added with Silicon (Sodium Zeolite A) this increases the glycosaminoglycan levels in
cartilage. Silicon is known to act as a cross linking agent which connects and stabilizes the glycosaminoglycan networks. A
major function of (GAGS) is to attract and hold water in the joints. Why is this important? Because articular cartilage in the
joints has no blood supply of its own. Healthy cartilage therefore derives all its nutrition, as well as its cushioning effect, from
the supply of water in the joints.
Glucosamine HCI is known as the most notable of all the joint
nutraceuticals. Glucosamine is the key building block for synthesis of the modified sugars comprising the (GAGS). Almost
every clinical study shows supplementation provides symptomatic relief of osteoarthritis, reduced pain and rapid recovery of
partially restored joint function. Osteo-Aide for bones and joints has the
incredible results of linking glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate and Silicon which are compatible nutrients for the support of
bones and joints.
Chondroitin Sulfate requires Silicon to construct the sponge like material in the joints
that nourishes articular cartilage. In fact, Silicon in the form of Silanolates, actually connects together the chondroitin sulfate.
Throughout the horses body exists the amazing substance, cartilage, composed of Chondroitin Sulfate. Cartilage coats every
moving joint surface, allowing a normal range of movement.
Yucca has been known to reduce pain from inflammation and
swelling. Yucca is known to help maintain optimal intestinal pH. Yucca owes its therapeutic effects to its high content of
steroid saponins (natural glucosides) the precursor to synthetic cortisone. Yucca is an anti-inflamatory nutrient. It reduces pain
and increases mobility by production of natural steroids in the body.
Ester C is a buffered form of Vitamin C that is body ready and
much more available to the tissues than ordinary Vitamin C. The acid is buffered with calcium and processed to contain
threonate, a metabolic which dramatically enhances absorption. An important component of collagen or connective tissue,
Ester C functions as a chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory and immunoresponsive substance.